Report: Fast Cities: A comparison of rapid transit in major Canadian cities
A new report by the Pembina Institute titled “Fast Cities: A comparison of rapid transit in major Canadian cities,” was released in September 2014.
The executive summary is provided below, the full report can be downloaded HERE.
Investing in transit infrastructure is essential to relieve gridlock in Canada’s cities and provide commuters with convenient ways to get around. However, not all cities are improving their transit systems to the same degree, and some are falling behind.
This report compares rapid transit in five of Canada’s largest cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary and Ottawa. It analyzes how well transit networks serve residents in each of these cities, and how effectively they have responded to the pressures of growth and the need for expanded rapid transit that comes with it.
The factors we examined include the length of existing rapid transit networks — that is, subways, SkyTrains, light rail, right-of-way streetcars and right-of-way rapid buses — along with express bus networks (such as Toronto’s Rocket and Vancouver’s B-Line). We also looked at ridership levels and the proximity of each city’s population to transit stations or stops.
- Toronto has the highest rapid transit ridership per capita with residents of the city taking an average of 133 transit trips per year.
- Calgary leads Canada’s cities in rapid transit infrastructure per capita. Despite its high ridership, Toronto has less rapid transit infrastructure per capita to accommodate riders than Calgary, Ottawa and Montreal.
- Vancouver has built the most rapid transit over the last 20 years, opening 44 kilometres (km) of new lines, followed by Calgary with 29 km. By comparison, Toronto has opened 18 km of new rapid transit during the same time period.
- Over the past decade, Calgary and Vancouver built the most transit. The two cities have opened 22 km and 20 km of new rapid transit lines respectively, followed by Ottawa with 9 km and Toronto with 7 km.
- Montreal leads the way in access to rapid transit with 37% of its population living within walking distance of a rapid transit stop or station. It is followed by Toronto, where 34% of residents can walk to rapid transit.